Virola guatemalensis, also called Virola koschnyi, is a tree of approximately 30 meters tall. The dry seeds are sold in local markets for use as a flavoring for cacao beverages and its bark contains hallucinogen alkaloids. It’s a native species of Mesoamerica.

PDF, Articles, Books on Virola guatemalensis


  • GONZÁLEZ, Eugenio
  • 1991
  • El contenido de humedad y la germinación de las semillas de Virola koschnyi y Nectandra membranácea. Agronomía Costarricense. Vol. 15, No. 1. Pages 181-183.

    Available online:



  • VÍLCHEZ, Braulio, CHAZDON, Robin and Wendy ALVARADO
  • 2008
  • Fenología reproductive de las especies del dosel en bosques secundarios y primarios de la región Huertar Norte de Costa Rica y su influencia en la regeneración vegetal. Kurú: Revista forestal (Costa Rica). Vol. 5, No. 15. Pages 1-18.

    Available online:


Suggested web pages
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Information and photos.
Information and photos.


First Posted February 2018

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