Malanga (cocoyam, taro) popular Mayan food

The word malanga is used for Colocasia esculenta and for Xanthosoma sagittifolium. Colocasia esculenta is not native to Mesoamerica whatever. Unfortunately it is the larger Colocasia esculenta roots which are in all the supermarkets.

 

Malanga roots come in two sizes in Q’eqchi’ Mayan markets

At the biggest two supermarket chains in Guatemala City (Paiz and Supermercado La Torre) you get the really big roots. They are bursting with energy. These appear to be Colocasia esculenta (which is not native to Mesoamerica).

 

The small roots rotted in less than two weeks. Since it is the middle of the rainy season in the Highlands of Guatemala, a lot of things rot quickly. The larger roots did not rot even when put outside under a roof, but they were quickly infested with some kind of insect.

 

root crops Yuca Camote Malanga Manioc Westcott Aug 14 2017 NH-7448

The row of really large malanga are from the supermarkets within one block of the FLAAR offices (in suburban Guatemala City).

The parallel row of significantly smaller, and not so flush malanga roots are from the market of Senahu.

Until I can see and photograph the flowers, I am making an early guess that the small ones are Xanthosoma species, though most of the Xanthosoma species shown on the Internet are longer.

 

In the Q’eqchi’ Mayan market of Senahu (Alta Verapaz) there were also really small roots, also called malanga. We would need to find the leaves and flowers to tell whether this is a different species or just a different variety. We estimate these smaller ones are Xanthosoma species.

 

PDFs, Articles, Books on Xanthosoma sagittifolium, Malanga

 

  • BRONSON, B.
  • 1966
  • Roots and Subsistence of the Ancient Maya. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology. Vol. 22, No. 3. Pages 251-279.

    Note: in FLAAR we have a copy that was generously sent to us, if you want this article, please let us known so we can send it for free to you.

 

  • CHANDRASEKARA, A. and KUMAR, T.
  • 2016
  • Roots and tuber crops as functional foods: a review on phytochemical constituents and their potential health benefits. International Journal of Food Science. Vol. 2016. Pages 1-16.

    Available Online:
    www.hindawi.com/journals/ijfs/2016/3631647/

 

  • GALLUZZI, G. and I. LÓPEZ
  • 2014
  • Conservation and use of genetic resources of underutilized crops in the Americas- A Continental Analysis. Sustainability. No. 6. Pages 980-1017.

    Available Online:
    www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/6/2/980/pdf

 

 

  • HERNÁNDEZ, J. E. and J. LEÓN
  • 1992
  • Cultivos Marginados, otra perspectiva de 1492. Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación. 345 pages.

    Available Online:
    www.fao.org/docrep/018/t0646s/t0646s.pdf

    Note: Information on X. sagittifolium is available on pages 253-262.

 

 

 

  • MORTON, J. F.
  • 1972
  • Cocoyams (Xanthosoma caracú, X. atrovirens and X. nigrum), ancient root- and leaf- vegetables, gaining in economic importance. Florida State Horticultural Society. Vol. 85. Pages 85-94.

    Available Online:
    http://biblioteca.usac.edu.gt/tesis/01/01_2082.pdf

 

 

 

  • SABORÍO, F., GÓMEZ, L., TORRES, S and R. VALVERDE
  • 2000
  • Inducción de floración en tiquisque (Xanthosoma spp) en cinco regiones en Costa Rica. Agronomía Costarricense. Vol. 24, No. 1. Pages 37-45.

    Available Online:
    www.mag.go.cr/rev_agr/v24n01_037.pdf

 

 

Suggested web pages with photos and information
on Xanthosoma sagittifolium

www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/56989
Information, photos and map location.

www.plantasyhongos.es/herbarium/htm/Xanthosoma_sagittifolium.htm
Photos.

http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Xanthosoma+sagittifolium
Information and photos.

www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=c752
Information and photos.

 

First posted, early September, 2017.

More FREE DOWNLOADS

Dubai_Garden_Glow_SGI_2017_FLAAR_Web_Free_Download
706082 D PES 2014 solvent eco solvent printers full exhibitor list Part I
Articles by FLAAR Reports for REVUE Magazine

If you wish to donate your library on pre-Columbian Mesoamerica and related topics, FLAAR will be glad to receive your library and find a good home for it. Contact:

ReaderService@FLAAR.org

DYE COLORANTS from MAYA PLANTS

FOODS OF THE MAYA ROOT CROPS

Q’eqchi’-Spanish-English Dictionary Segments

2012 Prophecies of the end Mayan calendar

GigaPan Epic Pro System

TECHNOLOGY, BOOK REVIEWS on Digital Imaging, especially 3D

Private Museums of Mayan Archaeology

Ixchel

Suchitepequez

Agriculture, diet, food

Maya Vase Rollouts

Minerals & Stones Pre-columbian Mesoamerica

Maya ethnohistory

Mayan languages of Guatemala

Museums of Mayan Archaeology

Carlos Pellicer, Tabasco

Lectures on Maya topics Now available

Travel / Hotels

Guatemala City

Chichicastenango

Baja Verapaz

Additional links of our FLAAR sites

Archaeology of Iran

linkedin2
twitter
twitter

Join the over 2,468
wide-format inkjet, digital imaging,
signage, and related individuals worldwide
who are linked to FLAAR Reports
via Dr Nicholas Hellmuth.

We have two sets of Tweets: digital imaging tweets
(printers, inks, media, etc)

Mayan studies tweets (archaeology, ethnobotany,
ethnozoology
of Guatemala)